Future of food industry sustainability using biotechnological interventions in the dairy sector

Document Type : Research Paper


Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy, Kalinga University, Naya Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.


The dairy industry, a prolific producer of waste and by-products, boasts a diverse array of goods that contribute significantly to our daily diet. However, the copious waste generated in the process, characterized by high Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and a rich nutrient profile comprising lactose, proteins, and fats, necessitates exploration of alternative biotechnological applications. This exploration is particularly crucial when considering both aerobic and anaerobic processing methods. Probiotic food items, having garnered widespread consumer acceptance, are experiencing substantial growth in the nutritional food industry. Recognizing this trend, the food industry is actively engaged in expanding the scope of probiotic meals beyond traditional dairy products. This expansion holds promise for delivering numerous health benefits to consumers. Consequently, this research delves into the extensive range of dairy products available, elucidating ways to harness by-product waste from the dairy industry. However, this pursuit is not without its challenges. Microbiologists, engineers, and technologists face hurdles in preventing the infiltration of unwanted microbes during processing. The study not only examines the methods to eliminate these intruding microbes and their digestive enzymes but also addresses the intricacies involved in thwarting the development and operations of any surviving microorganisms following treatment. Probiotics, known for their positive impact on gut health, have found application in various food matrices, extending beyond dairy to encompass non-dairy products. The research underscores the versatility of probiotics and their adaptability to different food categories. Furthermore, it briefly touches upon the innovative utilization of byproduct waste, converting what would otherwise be considered trash into valuable resources. In conclusion, the dairy industry's waste management presents a dual opportunity: to mitigate environmental impact through responsible waste disposal and to extract valuable nutrients for application in diverse biotechnological realms. This comprehensive exploration contributes to our understanding of the potential of dairy waste by-products, shedding light on sustainable practices and innovative applications that align with the evolving landscape of the nutritional food industry.


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