Sustainable innovations for harnessing marine biotechnology through advanced bioinformatics

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy, Kalinga University, Naya Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Abstract

Bioinformatics has evolved into an indispensable tool across various realms of biology, playing a pivotal role in advancing scientific pursuits. Despite its ubiquitous presence in traditional life science courses, integrating hands-on training with wet-lab investigations becomes imperative to foster student engagement and comprehension. This holistic approach not only bridges theoretical knowledge with practical applications but also cultivates a deeper appreciation for the interdisciplinary nature of bioinformatics. The ever-accelerating progress in omics studies has unveiled unprecedented avenues for comprehending biological structures. This surge has sparked a revolutionary transformation in the field, propelling marine studies beyond the realms of hypothetical organisms to encompass an expanding array of marine life. At the forefront of this marine exploration is the research's central focus on the practical task of unearthing novel enzymes in marine environments. The inquiry delves into the cutting-edge concept of metagenomics, a contemporary methodology that broadens the horizons of biotechnology by incorporating non-culturable microorganisms into its purview. A crucial facet of the research involves the introduction of a viral cosmid library screening probe, responding to the challenges posed by the study of marine microbiology and bioengineering. This innovative tool becomes instrumental in deciphering the genetic makeup of elusive marine microorganisms, further enriching our understanding of their biochemical processes. The paper meticulously delineates the objectives of marine microbiology and bioengineering projects, underscoring the need for a collaborative effort to achieve them successfully. In this context, the research not only outlines the goals but also provides a strategic roadmap for their implementation through a synergistic collaborative approach. This approach harnesses the collective expertise of scientists and researchers, fostering an environment conducive to breakthrough discoveries. The fusion of experimental research techniques enhances students' proficiency in fundamental bioinformatics, instilling in them a problem-solving mindset crucial for navigating the complexities of contemporary biological research. In conclusion, the integration of hands-on training, coupled with the exploration of cutting-edge methodologies like metagenomics, marks a paradigm shift in the study of marine microbiology and bioengineering. This research not only contributes to the growing body of knowledge in these domains but also underscores the significance of collaborative efforts in pushing the boundaries of scientific exploration.

Keywords


Chung H, Lee J, Lee WY (2021) A review: Marine bio-logging of animal behaviour and ocean environments. Ocean Sci J 56, 117-131.
Das G, Kumar A (2022) Wetland flora of West Bengal for phytoremediation: Physiological and biotechnological studies—a review. Chapter in book: Biotechnological Innovations for Environmental Bioremediation. Springer, pp. 455-485.
Duarte IM, Marques SC, Leandro SM, et al. (2022) An overview of jellyfish aquaculture: for food, feed, pharma and fun. Rev Aquac 14(1), 265-287.
Fasim A, More VS, More SS (2021) Large-scale production of enzymes for biotechnology uses. Curr Opin Biotechnol 69, 68-76.
Galimberti A, Bruno A, Agostinetto G, et al. (2021) Fermented food products in the era of globalization: Tradition meets biotechnology innovations. Curr Opin Biotechnol 70, 36-41.
García G, Girón JA, Yañez JA, et al. (2022) Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and its ability to form biofilms. Microbiol Res 14(1), 1-20.
Gonçalves C, Costa PM (2021) Cephalotoxins: A hotspot for marine bioprospecting? Front Mar Sci 8, 1-7.
Kandasamy S, Narayanan M, He Z, et al. (2021) Current strategies and prospects in algae for remediation and biofuels: An overview. Biocatal Agric Biotechnol 35, e102045.
Kawamura K, Nishitsuji K, Shoguchi E (2021) Establishing sustainable cell lines of a coral, Acropora tenuis. Mar Biotechnol 23(3), 373-388.
Knauf S, Abel L, Hallmaier-Wacker LK (2019) The Nagoya protocol and research on emerging infectious diseases. Bull World Health Organ 97(6), e379.
Liu Y, Hu H, Zanaroli G, et al. (2021) A Pseudomonas sp. strain uniquely degrades PAHs and heterocyclic derivatives via lateral dioxygenation pathways. J Hazard Mater 403, 1-10.
Mu DS, Ouyang Y, Chen GJ, et al. (2021) Strategies for culturing active/dormant marine microbes. Mar Life Sci Technol 3, 121-131.
Pirmanesh S, Kermanshahi RK, Gharavi S, et al. (2022) Cloning, expression, and purification of a GDSL-like Lipase/Acylhydrolase from a native lipase-producing bacterium, Lactobacillus fermentum. Iran Biomed J 26(2), 153-159.
Streit OT, Lambert G, Erwin PM, et al. (2021) Diversity and abundance of native and non-native ascidians in Puerto Rican harbors and marinas. Mar Pollut Bull 167, 1-13.
Wang GX, Huang D, Ji JH, et al. (2021) Seawater‚Äźdegradable polymers—fighting the marine plastic pollution. Adv Sci 8(1), 1-26.
Wang Y, Zhao Y, Bollas A, et al. (2021) Nanopore sequencing technology, bioinformatics and applications. Nat Biotechnol 39(11), 1348-1365.